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Gynaecology Laparoscopy is a method of diagnosing and treating women's pelvic area. It is used to:

  • endometriosis treatment
  • detect and remove uterine fibroids, cysts, and tumors
  • remove the ovaries
  • remove the uterus
  • diagnose pelvic inflammatory disease and infertility

Who needs Gynaecologic Laparoscopy?

Gynaecologic Laparoscopy is advised to patients who:

  • were diagnosed with infertility
  • experience unexplained pelvic pain
  • have a history of pelvic infections
  • were diagnosed with endometriosis
  • experience irregular bleedings
  • were diagnosed with ectopic pregnancy


How is the procedure performed?

Laparoscopy is a type of surgery performed under general anaesthesia. An abdomen is filled with carbo dioxide gas beforehand to inflate abdominal cavity so that internal organs can be easily visualized. The surgeon makes a surgical incision (around 10mm) in the navel and inserts the laparoscope – a special kind of lighted tube used as a camera - though it. Thus, the abdomen and pelvis can be seen from the inside. If the surgery needs to be performed, two more cuts are done (around 5-10mm) to insert additional instruments The surgeon removes gynaecological disorder using laparoscope to visualize the internal organs. Once the procedure is over, the incisions are closed and patients is able to go home the next day.

Recovery after the procedure

The patient is free to go home the next day. Recovery time takes around 7-14 days.


Laparoscopy is the minimally invasive procedure (small incisions, minimal blood loss during the procedure) which is a great alternative to open surgery. The patient quickly returns to daily activities and scars are almost invisible. Laparoscopy is a very successful tool in infertility diagnosis. 

Obligatory pre-tests

  • a complete blood count
  • blood coagulation (PT, INR, APTT)
  • CRP
  • liver function tests
  • an ionogram Na+, K+
  • HBsAg
  • anti-HCV
  • ECG (Electrocardiography)

The procedure is always consult with the surgeon individually.


As with any surgical procedure, complication may occur. Serious complications are rare. However, they may include:

  • complications connected with anaesthesia:
  • tissue/ blood vessel damage
  • nerve damage
  • urinary track damage
  • blood clots
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